What is a visual verbal or mathematical representation designed to explain a natural phenomenon?

a visual, verbal, or mathematical representation designed to explain a natural phenomenon is a scientific model; … a possible explanation for an observation, phenomenon, or scientific problem that can be tested through experimentation is a hypothesis; 8.

How are a hypothesis prediction and experiment related?

How are a hypothesis, a prediction, and an experiment related? A hypothesis is a proposed explanation; a prediction is a statement forecasting what would happen; an experiment is used to test a hypothesis and it’s predictions.

What is a statement that explains an observation?

Hypothesis. A possible explanation that explains scientific observations and data and that can be tested. It communicates what you think will happen in an experiment.

What is the name given to a set of controlled observations that test a proposed explanation?

The Scientific Method

It involves making observations on the phenomenon being studied, suggesting explanations for the observations, and testing these possible explanations, also called hypotheses, by making new observations. A hypothesis is a scientist’s proposed explanation of a phenomenon which still must be tested.

What does experiment mean in science?

: a scientific test in which you perform a series of actions and carefully observe their effects in order to learn about something. : something that is done as a test : something that you do to see how well or how badly it works. experiment. verb.

What is said of the hypothesis if the data gathered in an experiment is what is anticipated?

Hypothesis. After gathering background research, the next step is to formulate a hypothesis. More than a random guess, a hypothesis is a testable statement based on background knowledge, research, or scientific reason. A hypothesis states the anticipated cause and effect that may be observed during the investigation.

When an explanation has been supported by many experiments the explanation is a <UNK>?

Vocabulary#1/Terms for Test #1
AB
observationusing your senses to gather information
hypothesisa testable prediction or a possible explanation for a set of observations
theoryan explanation based on many observations supported by experimental results

What is an explanation of observations of events based on knowledge gained from many observations and investigations?

science vocab
AB
scientific theoryan explanation of observations or events that is based on knowledge gained from many observations and investigations
scientific lawa rule that describes a repeatable pattern in nature
technologythe practical use of scientific knowledge

Which is made by a scientist following experiments and observations?

hypothesis
After many experiments provide results supporting a hypothesis, the hypothesis becomes a theory. Theories remain theories forever, and are constantly being retested with every experiment and observation. Theories can never become fact or law.

What is an explanation supported by experimental results?

A Theory is an explanation backed by results from repeated tests and experiments.

Which of the following is an explanation supported by experimental results?

The proposed explanation for a wide variety of observation and experimental results is called theory.

What is an explanation for many hypotheses and observations called?

Scientific Theory. An explanation that ties together many hypotheses and observations, and is supported by repeated trials. Tells why it happens. Scientific Law.

What is a scientific theory example?

A scientific theory is a broad explanation that is widely accepted because it is supported by a great deal of evidence. Examples of theories in physical science include Dalton’s atomic theory, Einstein’s theory of gravity, and the kinetic theory of matter.

Which steps are important when designing and conducting a scientific experiment?

The practical steps needed for planning and conducting an experiment include: recognizing the goal of the experiment, choice of factors, choice of response, choice of the design, analysis and then drawing conclusions. This pretty much covers the steps involved in the scientific method.

What is a science inquiry?

Scientific inquiry refers to the diverse ways in which scientists study the natural world and propose explanations based on the evidence derived from their work.

Is gravity a law or theory?

This is a law because it describes the force but makes not attempt to explain how the force works. A theory is an explanation of a natural phenomenon. Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity explains how gravity works by describing gravity as the effect of curvature of four dimensional spacetime.

Which statement best describes a scientific theory?

A scientific theory is an explanation of an aspect of the natural world that can be repeatedly tested and verified in accordance with the scientific method, using accepted protocols of observation, measurement, and evaluation of results.

What is an example of scientific inquiry?

A statement outlining what you are trying to find out or a question to guide your investigation. Examples: • To determine how four fertilizers affect the growth rate of bean plants. How will four fertilizers affect the growth rate of bean plants?

What are the 3 types of scientific inquiry?

Scientists use three types of investigations to research and develop explanations for events in the nature: descriptive investigation, comparative investigation, and experimental investigation.

What are controlled experiments?

Definition of controlled experiment

: an experiment in which all the variable factors in an experimental group and a comparison control group are kept the same except for one variable factor in the experimental group that is changed or altered …

Why do scientists use mathematical equations?

They allow scientist to describe relationships between two variables in the physical world, make predictions, calculate rates, and make conversions, among other things. Graphing linear equations helps make trends visible.