What are the 4 classes of macromolecules and their functions?

  • Nucleic acids: Stores and transfers info.
  • Carbohydrates; Store energy, provide fuel, and build structure in body, main source of energy, structure of plant cell wall.
  • Lipid: Insulator and stores fat and energy.
  • Protein: Provide structural support,transport, enzymes, movement, defense.

What are the 4 classes of macromolecules give an example of each?

As we’ve learned, there are four major classes of biological macromolecules:
  • Proteins (polymers of amino acids)
  • Carbohydrates (polymers of sugars)
  • Lipids (polymers of lipid monomers)
  • Nucleic acids (DNA and RNA; polymers of nucleotides)

What do the 4 macromolecules contain?

The four main classes of organic compounds (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids) that are essential to the proper functioning of all living things are known as polymers or macromolecules. All of these compounds are built primarily of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen but in different ratios.

Which of the following are the 4 macromolecules?

The four major classes of biological macromolecules are carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids.

What are the six major groups of macromolecules?

Biological macromolecules are organic, meaning that they contain carbon. In addition, they may contain hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur, and additional minor elements.

What are the two main types of polymers?

Polymers fall into two categories:
  • thermosetting plastic or thermoset.
  • thermoforming plastic or thermoplastic.

What are the four macromolecules quizlet?

4 Macromolecules: Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids Flashcards | Quizlet.

What are the four macromolecules and their monomers?

Comparing the Biological Macromolecules
MacromoleculeBasic Formula, key featuresMonomer
ProteinsCHON −NH2 + −COOH +R groupAmino acids
LipidsC:H:O Greater than 2:1 H:O (carboxyl group)Fatty acid and glycerol
CarbohydratesC:H:O 1:2:1Monosaccharides
Nucleic AcidsCHONP pentose, nitrogenous base, phosphateNucleotides

What are the four main classes of large biological molecules which class does not consist of polymers?

What are the four main classes of large biological molecules? Which class does not consist of polymers? The four main classes are proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids. Lipids are not polymers.

What are the four predominant elements in biology quizlet?

Name the 4 main elements that make up 95% of an organism. Carbon,Hydrogen,Nitrogen,and Oxygen.

What is the four macromolecules of life?

Biological macromolecules are large molecules, necessary for life, that are built from smaller organic molecules. There are four major classes of biological macromolecules (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids); each is an important cell component and performs a wide array of functions.

What are the four macromolecules essential for life quizlet?

Large molecules that have important jobs in living things. There are 4 major types: carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids.

What are the 4 predominant elements in biology?

CHON is a mnemonic acronym for the four most common elements in living organisms: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen.

What are the four major classes of biomolecules found in living organisms quizlet?

TestNew stuff! The critically important large molecules of all living things fall into just four main classes: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. On the molecular scale, members of three of the four classes-carbohydrates, proteins and nucleic acids-are huge and are therefore called macromolecules.

What are the different classes of biomolecules?

The four major types of biomolecules are carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and proteins.

What is a macromolecule identify the four types of biological macromolecules quizlet?

Identify the four types of biological macromolecules. Macromolecules are very large molecules that are formed of smaller subunits. The four types of biological macromolecules are carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids, and protein.

What are macromolecules made of quizlet?

Organic compound made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms. Carbohydrates are a major source of energy for all living things.

What are the three parts of monomer?

The monomers of DNA are called nucleotides. Nucleotides have three components: a base, a sugar (deoxyribose) and a phosphate residue. The four bases are adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G) and thymine (T). The sugar and phosphate create a backbone down either side of the double helix.

What are the different kinds of these biomolecules lipids?

Common lipid groups include waxes, organic compounds, triglycerides, and phospholipids. The function of lipids are very diverse. Some lipids are used to store energy. In addition to serving as energy sources, some lipids accumulate in tissues around to act as insulation and protection.

Which two classes of macromolecules contain most of a cell’s nitrogen?

Biological Forms.

Nitrogen can be found in living organisms as a gas (in cells), and/or in oxidized or reduced form (8). Nitrogen in the reduced form is the major component of the three most important biological macromolecular structures: (i) proteins/polypeptides, (ii) DNA and RNA, and (iii) polymers of amino sugars.

What are the 4 bases that make up the rungs of the DNA ladder?

Other combinations of the atoms form the four bases: thymine (T), adenine (A), cytosine (C), and guanine (G). These bases are the rungs of the DNA ladder. (It takes two bases to form a rung — one for each side of the ladder.)

What are the four different variations of these monomers?

What Are the 4 Types of DNA Monomers?
  • Adenine. Adenine is one of the two purines within the nucleotide bases. …
  • Guanine. Guanine is the other purine nucleotide in DNA. …
  • Thymine. Thymine is a pyrimidine base that binds to adenine in the DNA structure. …
  • Cytosine. Cytosine is also a pyrimidine base.