Where is ephedrine legal?

Dietary supplements containing ephedrine are illegal in the United States, with the exception of those used in traditional Chinese medicine, where its presence is noted by má huáng.

How much ephedrine can you buy?

A person may not purchase drugs containing more than three and six-tenths (3.6) grams of ephedrine or pseudoephedrine, or both, on one (1) day or more than seven and two-tenths (7.2) grams of ephedrine or pseudoephedrine, or both, in a thirty (30) day period.

Does ephedrine require a prescription?

Ephedrine is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of low blood pressure during anesthesia (Hypotension). Ephedrine may be used alone or with other medications.

Is ephedrine legal in Europe?

The use of Ephedra herb in food supplements is prohibited in several European countries, however food supplements containing Ephedra herb, also in combination with caffeine, are offered for sale via the internet.

What’s another name for ephedrine?

Ephedrine is available under the following different brand names: Akovaz, and Corphedra.

What is the Sudafed law?

The Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act of 2005 has been incorporated into the Patriot Act signed by President Bush on March 9, 2006. The act bans over-the-counter sales of cold medicines that contain the ingredient pseudoephedrine, which is commonly used to make methamphetamine.

What is the difference between ephedra and ephedrine?

Ephedrine is a chemical contained in the ephedra herb. Ephedrine has medical uses, mostly in operating rooms and intensive care units. Its chemical properties raise blood pressure and heart rate and open up the large air passages in the lungs.

How do I get ephedrine?

Ephedrine is available over-the-counter (OTC) as an oral medication in combination with the expectorant guaifenesin, and comes in the form of tablets, caplets, or syrup.

Common brands containing ephedrine:
  1. Bronkaid®
  2. Primatene® Tablets.
  3. Store Brands (ex: Walmart’s “Equate” store brand or CVS Health store brand)

Is ephedrine legal in Canada?

In the interest of public safety, importing or reselling ephedra/ephedrine products is illegal unless you are a manufacturer or wholesaler licensed to produce or sell these products. Customs Canada is now confiscating ephedra/ephedrine products being brought into Canada.

Does ephedrine help ADHD?

Amphetamines include amphetamine, dextroamphetamine, and lisdexamfetamine, which come in extended-release and immediate-release oral formulations. Methamphetamine, related to amphetamine and ephedrine and also an oral medicine, is indicated for ADHD but also can increase blood pressure and reduce appetite.

Is ephedrine naturally occurring?

Ephedrine. Ephedrine is structurally related to methamphetamine but has far less CNS potency. It occurs naturally in a number of Ephedra plant species but it is also synthetically manufactured, and until recently, was available over-the-counter throughout the world.

What does ephedrine do to the body?

Because of its direct sympathomimetic effects, ephedrine can increase heart rate, contractility, cardiac output, and peripheral resistance. Thus, increases in both heart rate and blood pressure are common observations after ephedrine ingestion.

Can ephedrine cause kidney problems?

Kidney stones: Ephedra and its active ingredient ephedrine can cause kidney stones.

What is the difference between ephedrine sulfate and ephedrine HCL?

The difference between these formulations is not just in the type of salt, but also in the concentration or amount of that salt. Ephedrine sulfate is a heavier molecule, thus the ratio of free base to salt is greater. There is more ephedrine per mL of ephedrine sulfate than there is per mL of ephedrine hydrochloride.

Can you overdose on ephedrine?

The symptoms of overdose are normally seen as nausea, vomiting, hypertension, fever, palpitations, tachycardia, restlessness, respiratory depression and convulsions. Paranoid psychosis, delusions and hallucinations may also follow ephedrine overdosage.

Why is ephedrine controlled?

Stringent regulation of all ephedrine products is necessary to prevent misuse and to protect the public’s health.

What does ECA stack do?

An ECA stack is a combination of ephedrine, caffeine, and aspirin tablets. When taken together, these ingredients are said to promote weight loss and boost athletic performance.

Is Bronkaid over the counter?

Bronkaid® Max is an effective nonprescription medicine that’s only available behind the pharmacy counter.

Is ephedrine the same as epinephrine?

As a vasoconstrictor, epinephrine is 100 to 1,000 times more potent than ephedrine. 1 Mix-ups between these two drugs have resulted in serious patient harm.

Does ephedrine increase dopamine?

Ephedrine, which has been used as a decongestant and weight loss agent, causes both central serotonin and dopamine (DA) release (Bowyer et al., 2000).

Is ephedrine stronger than pseudoephedrine?

Ephedrine applied to the nasal mucosa reduces nasal resistance more quickly and strongly than oral pseudoephedrine, but with shorter action time [10], [11]. At end of treatment, there may be a rebound effect with increased nasal resistance and recurrence of congestion, for which several hypotheses have been suggested.

Why was Bronkaid recalled?

Bayer Consumer Care has begun a voluntary recall of 56 lots of Bronkaid (ephedrine sulfate and guaifenesin) Caplets Dual Action Formula. This recall was initiated after identifying that certain information was unintentionally excluded from the product carton label.

What is Ephedrine HCL?

Ephedrine hydrochloride is an alkylbenzene. ChEBI. A phenethylamine found in EPHEDRA SINICA. PSEUDOEPHEDRINE is an isomer. It is an alpha- and beta-adrenergic agonist that may also enhance release of norepinephrine.

How many stereoisomers are possible for ephedrine?

four stereoisomers
Ephedrine has two chiral centres and can therefore exist in the form of four stereoisomers: 1R,2S-(-)-ephedrine, 1S,2R-(+)-ephedrine, 1S,2S-(+)-pseudoephedrine and 1R,2R-(-)-pseudoephedrine (Table 1).

Does ephedrine reduce inflammation?

Ephedrine is a decongestant and bronchodilator. It works by reducing swelling and constricting blood vessels in the nasal passages and widening the lung airways, allowing you to breathe more easily.